By Peter Chalk, Angel Rabasa
U.S. coverage towards Colombia has been pushed to a wide quantity through counter-narcotics concerns, however the evolving state of affairs in that South American kingdom confronts the us with as a lot of a countrywide defense as a drug coverage challenge. Colombia is a geostrategically vital nation, whose trajectory will effect broader tendencies within the Andean area and past. Colombian Labyrinth examines the assets of instability within the kingdom; the goals, process, strengths, and weaknesses of the govt, guerrillas, and paramilitaries and the balances between them; and the results of the present U.S. counsel software. attainable eventualities and futures for Colombia are laid out, with implicaitons for either the us and neighboring nations. The authors locate that instability in Colombia stems from the interplay and synergies of the underground drug economic system and armed demanding situations to the state's authority.
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U. S. coverage towards Colombia has been pushed to a wide quantity via counter-narcotics concerns, however the evolving state of affairs in that South American nation confronts the U.S. with as a lot of a countrywide safety as a drug coverage challenge. Colombia is a geostrategically very important kingdom, whose trajectory will impression broader developments within the Andean sector and past.
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Additional info for Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insugency and Its Implications for Regional Stability
A shipment of 10,000 AK-47 assault rifles was air-dropped into FARC-controlled territory in eastern Colombia from chartered cargo planes that were supposedly transporting the rifles to Peru from Jordan. )38 SUPPORTING NETWORKS AND INFORMATION-AGE WARFARE The guerrillas draw political strength and sustenance from a robust network of supporting organizations, both in Colombia and overseas. Multiorganizational networks aided the insurgencies in El Salvador and Guatemala and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua in the 1980s, but have assumed a larger role with the information revolution of the 1990s and particularly with the development of the Internet.
20 In 1984, the EPL, together with other guerrilla groups, signed a cease-fire with the government of President Betancur but resumed armed activities a year later. It suffered major losses in the counter-insurgency campaigns of the late 1980s. In 1990, the majority agreed to a peace settlement with the Colombian government, but a dissident faction decided to ______________ 18Rangel, p. 12; Echandía, pp. 51–57. 19Echandía, pp. 55–56. 20Maullin, pp. 48–49. 32 Colombian Labyrinth continue the struggle.
6 million in 1995). In the same time frame, there has been a rising trend in the use of heroin, which has witnessed a 15 percent increase in demand since 1990. More problematic, there has been an escalation in multiple-drug use, with law enforcement authorities increasingly reporting seizures of packs containing both heroin and cocaine (commonly known as speedballs). 7 billion every year on law enforcement, interdiction, educational, rehabilitation, and health-related programs designed to stem the flow of heroin and cocaine and manage their effects.
Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insugency and Its Implications for Regional Stability by Peter Chalk, Angel Rabasa