By Muhammad Qasim Zaman
Ashraf `Ali Thanawi (1863-1943) used to be probably the most admired spiritual students in Islamic historical past. writer of over one thousand books on varied features of Islam, his paintings sought to protect the Islamic scholarly culture and to articulate its authority in an age of momentous spiritual and political swap. during this authoritative biography, Muhammad Qasim Zaman bargains a complete and hugely available account of Thanawi's multifaceted profession and proposal, while additionally delivering a useful advent to Islam in glossy South Asia.
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Extra resources for Ashraf Ali Thanawi: Islam in Modern South Asia (Makers of the Muslim World)
The assumption here seems to have been that this year-long instruction would not only educate them in the basic Islamic beliefs and practices, but also equip them with the tools necessary to receive the ‘ulama’s continuing guidance. qxd 8/8/2007 1:59 PM Page 20 20 ASHRAF ‘ALI THANAWI more of a taste for advanced religious learning in differentiated terms as well. He believed that the full madrasa curriculum ought to be reserved for those who had the ability, the motivation, and the time to complete it.
1938), two brothers who had received an English education at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College and both of whom stood out as the most visible of the Khilafat Movement’s many leaders; the aforementioned Sayyid Amir ‘Ali and the Aga Khan; and ‘Abd al-Bari (d. 1926), the head of Lucknow’s distinguished Farangi Mahall family of ‘ulama. In 1920, ‘Abd al-Bari helped found the Jam‘iyyat al-‘Ulama-i Hind (cf. This organization also included, and soon came to be dominated by, Deobandi ‘ulama. It would eventually play a major role in opposing the demand for a separate Muslim homeland in the Indian subcontinent.
Thanawi was among the earliest products of the Deoband madrasa, and he has indisputably remained its most influential scholar. This influence is due not just to his own prolific writings and fatwas, however, but also to the scholars whose work he commissioned and shaped, and who in turn emerged as important figures in Muslim scholarly circles. A second, closely intertwined community revolved around Thanawi’s position as a Sufi master at his Khanaqah in Thana Bhawan. A good deal of the workThanawi commissioned was carried on at the Khanaqah; but even when done at the madrasa of Deoband or elsewhere, it was done by those who not only had an intellectual affinity with him but also saw him as their Sufi master.
Ashraf Ali Thanawi: Islam in Modern South Asia (Makers of the Muslim World) by Muhammad Qasim Zaman