By Fredrick J. Long
Pauline scholarship has normally interpreted 2 Corinthians as a later editorial composite of a number of letters. Fredrick lengthy situates the textual content inside Classical literary and rhetorical conventions and argues for its team spirit dependent upon a variety of parallels with historic apology within the culture of Andocides, Socrates, Isocrates and Demosthenes. He presents a finished survey and rigorous style research of historic forensic discourse in help of his claims, and demonstrates how the unified message of Paul's letter should be recovered.
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Extra resources for Ancient Rhetoric and Paul's Apology: The Compositional Unity of 2 Corinthians (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
32), For Phormio (Dem. 36), and On the Trierarchic Crown (Dem. 51); Hyperides’ Defense of Lycophron (Hyp. 1) and Defense of Euxenippus (Hyp. 4); Isaeus’ On the Estate of Cleonymus (Isae. 1), On the Estate of Menecles (Isae. 2), On the Estate of Apollodorus (Isae. 7), On the Estate of Ciron (Isae. 8), On the Estate of Hagnias (Isae. 11), and On Behalf of Euphiletus (Isae. 12); Isocrates’ Concerning the Team of Horses (Isoc. 16) and Aegineticus (Isoc. 19); Lysias’ On the Murder of Eratosthenes (Lys.
19 and Aeschin. 2; Aeschin. 3 and Dem. 18; and Lys. 6 and Andoc. 1) and one is fictitious (Antisthenes’ Odysseus and Ajax). The following forensic speeches are categorized as either model, accusatory, defensive, mixed, as letters, in histories, or in comedies. Model speeches These include Alcidamas’ Odysseus in Response to the Defense of Palamedes (Alcid. ); Antiphon’s Tetralogies (Antiph. 2, 3, 4); Antisthenes’ Ajax (Antisth. ) and Odysseus (Antisth. ); Gorgias’ Defense of Palamedes (Gorg. ); and finally Isocrates’ Antidosis (Isoc.
391). 1 (cf. Robbins, 1996b, p. 21). To interpret the text is to investigate these rhetorical features. We cannot know for certain the rhetorical exigency that led to Paul’s decision to write 2 Corinthians as an apology. However, what we have is Paul’s construed exigency as a textual phenomenon that is capable of our careful exploration. Critical for this study is an analysis of Paul’s construed exigency (see Chapter 7) in an attempt to understand the actual rhetorical exigency. After introducing the extant forensic literature in Chapter 2, I conclude by correlating the generic features of forensic discourse in terms of exigency, invention, disposition, and media.
Ancient Rhetoric and Paul's Apology: The Compositional Unity of 2 Corinthians (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series) by Fredrick J. Long