An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography - download pdf or read online

By Jeffrey Hoffstein, Jill Pipher, Joseph H. Silverman

ISBN-10: 1493917102

ISBN-13: 9781493917105

ISBN-10: 1493917110

ISBN-13: 9781493917112

This self-contained creation to fashionable cryptography emphasizes the math at the back of the idea of public key cryptosystems and electronic signature schemes. The e-book makes a speciality of those key themes whereas constructing the mathematical instruments wanted for the development and safeguard research of various cryptosystems. basically uncomplicated linear algebra is needed of the reader; suggestions from algebra, quantity idea, and likelihood are brought and constructed as required. this article offers a fantastic creation for arithmetic and laptop technological know-how scholars to the mathematical foundations of contemporary cryptography. The e-book contains an intensive bibliography and index; supplementary fabrics can be found online.

The ebook covers quite a few subject matters which are thought of critical to mathematical cryptography. Key themes include:

  • classical cryptographic structures, similar to DiffieHellmann key alternate, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and electronic signatures;
  • fundamental mathematical instruments for cryptography, together with primality trying out, factorization algorithms, likelihood idea, details idea, and collision algorithms;
  • an in-depth remedy of significant cryptographic concepts, equivalent to elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem.

The moment version of An creation to Mathematical Cryptography features a major revision of the fabric on electronic signatures, together with an prior advent to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new fabric on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections were rewritten or accelerated for readability, specially within the chapters on info idea, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the bankruptcy of extra subject matters has been extended to incorporate sections on electronic money and homomorphic encryption. quite a few new workouts were included.

Show description

By Jeffrey Hoffstein, Jill Pipher, Joseph H. Silverman

ISBN-10: 1493917102

ISBN-13: 9781493917105

ISBN-10: 1493917110

ISBN-13: 9781493917112

This self-contained creation to fashionable cryptography emphasizes the math at the back of the idea of public key cryptosystems and electronic signature schemes. The e-book makes a speciality of those key themes whereas constructing the mathematical instruments wanted for the development and safeguard research of various cryptosystems. basically uncomplicated linear algebra is needed of the reader; suggestions from algebra, quantity idea, and likelihood are brought and constructed as required. this article offers a fantastic creation for arithmetic and laptop technological know-how scholars to the mathematical foundations of contemporary cryptography. The e-book contains an intensive bibliography and index; supplementary fabrics can be found online.

The ebook covers quite a few subject matters which are thought of critical to mathematical cryptography. Key themes include:

  • classical cryptographic structures, similar to DiffieHellmann key alternate, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and electronic signatures;
  • fundamental mathematical instruments for cryptography, together with primality trying out, factorization algorithms, likelihood idea, details idea, and collision algorithms;
  • an in-depth remedy of significant cryptographic concepts, equivalent to elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem.

The moment version of An creation to Mathematical Cryptography features a major revision of the fabric on electronic signatures, together with an prior advent to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new fabric on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections were rewritten or accelerated for readability, specially within the chapters on info idea, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the bankruptcy of extra subject matters has been extended to incorporate sections on electronic money and homomorphic encryption. quite a few new workouts were included.

Show description

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Proof. There are many proofs of Fermat’s little theorem. If you have studied group theory, the quickest proof is to observe that the nonzero elements in Fp form a group F∗p of order p − 1, so by Lagrange’s theorem, every element of F∗p has order dividing p − 1. For those who have not yet taken a course in group theory, we provide a direct proof. 5. Powers and Primitive Roots in Finite Fields 31 If p | a, then it is clear that every power of a is divisible by p. So we only need to consider the case that p a.

We now continue our development of the theory of modular arithmetic. If a divided by m has quotient q and remainder r, it can be written as a=m·q+r with 0 ≤ r < m. This shows that a ≡ r (mod m) for some integer r between 0 and m − 1, so if we want to work with integers modulo m, it is enough to use the integers 0 ≤ r < m. This prompts the following definition. Definition. We write Z/mZ = {0, 1, 2, . . , m − 1} and call Z/mZ the ring of integers modulo m. We add and multiply elements of Z/mZ by adding or multiplying them as integers and then dividing the result by m and taking the remainder in order to obtain an element in Z/mZ.

Then a can be factored as a product of prime numbers a = pe11 · pe22 · pe33 · · · perr . Further, other than rearranging the order of the primes, this factorization into prime powers is unique. Proof. It is not hard to prove that every a ≥ 2 can be factored into a product of primes. It is tempting to assume that the uniqueness of the factorization is also obvious. However, this is not the case; unique factorization is a somewhat subtle property of the integers. 19. 6) where the pi and qj are all primes, not necessarily distinct, and s does not necessarily equal t.

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An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography by Jeffrey Hoffstein, Jill Pipher, Joseph H. Silverman


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