By Maris A. Vinovskis
In school rooms and in dwelling rooms, in study associations and on Capitol Hill, teenage being pregnant is without doubt one of the such a lot debatable public problems with our day. but in spite of everything the research and executive attempt, what's rather identified in regards to the challenge of adolescent being pregnant and the way to accommodate it? and what's the position of the social scientist and historian in a public factor of this sort? during this research, Maris Vinovskis--a popular demographic historian and a player in either Carter's and Reagan's Presidential projects on teenage pregnancy--sets those questions inside a historic framework and discusses a bunch of present concerns and coverage issues. Vinovskis starts through reading adolescent sexuality and childbearing in early the US and comparing no matter if there has in reality been an ''epidemic'' of adolescent being pregnant in American background. within the following chapters, he addresses the increase of adolescent being pregnant as a countrywide factor and assesses the government's reaction to it, either in Congress and the Presidency. Bringing his certain skills as a historian and a coverage planner to his examine, Vinovskis bargains readers a provocative new context for figuring out a urgent public factor of the Nineteen Eighties.
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Additional info for An ’’Epidemic’’ of Adolescent Pregnancy?: Some Historical and Policy Considerations
There are also considerable racial differences in the proportion of out-of-wedlock births among teenagers. While four out of ten births to white teenagers were out-of-wedlock in 1983, almost nine out of ten births to nonwhite teenagers were out-of-wedlock. The proportion of these births for both white and nonwhite teenagers have increased sharply since 1960. We can subdivide teenage births into three different categories in order to analyze the trends in out-of-wedlock births in more detail: (1) births conceived in marriage, (2) births conceived outside of marriage but occurring within marriage, and (3) births both conceived and delivered out-of-wedlock.
This aspect is important, but it is already being addressed to some extent through other Federal programs, and even if all of the clearly unwanted pregnancies were prevented, there would still be several hundred thousand children born each year to teenagers. S. 20 Jeckel's argument that further prevention of adolescent pregnancies would be very difficult, if not impossible, is not widely shared by researchers or practitioners in this field. But a series of witnesses, coordinated by the Joseph P.
Foundation 34 AN "EPIDEMIC" OF ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY? 21 Most of these experts did not even consider the fact that while the pregnancy rate of young adolescents declined only slightly during the past fifteen years, without the increased use of contraceptives it would have risen rapidly as a consequence of the dramatic increase in teenage sexual activity. To appreciate fully the success of primary prevention among these young adolescents, we need to take into consideration changes in their sexual activity as well as in their use of contraceptives.
An ’’Epidemic’’ of Adolescent Pregnancy?: Some Historical and Policy Considerations by Maris A. Vinovskis