By Gyorgy Litvan
A desirable examine a guy, who fought for liberal beliefs and for development in significant Europe yet was once pressured to spend the latter half his lifestyles in the United States. Oscar Jaszi was once a historian, political theorist and sociologist, who committed his super mind to trendy democracy in Hungary. Exiled from his fatherland, Jaszi's ethical braveness stood robust opposed to the political tyranny and totalitarianism of the interwar interval that almost destroyed Hungary's political and social foundations. From his early years in Budapest to his later lifestyles as professor at Oberlin collage in Ohio, he labored tirelessly for what he defined as "a new ethical, social, and monetary synthesis is needed." The lifetime of Oscar Jaszi represents one of many nice triumphs of cause over violence, whatever the defeat of his imaginative and prescient for a 'Danubian Federation,' and his next exile. His vow not to be buried in an undemocratic Hungary used to be saved, and as his state emerged from the ruins of the Soviet block, his is still have been transferred to Budapest in 1991, a logo of his lasting philosophy and the spirit of his will.
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Extra resources for A Twentieth-Century Prophet: Oscar Jaszi 1875-1957
Though his experiences, his reading and the ideological discussions he had carried on with Ervin Szabó had already primed Jászi, this triggered a fevered state in which he expounded his new, redemptory concept in long letters to his two friends. The essence of this he explained as follows: Socialism has ceased to be the exclusive movement of the hungry masses but has turned into the cultural problem of the Huszadik Század 31 age… There is not a single thesis in the program of international social democracy that would be opposed to a more refined Hungarian patriotism.
At the beginning of the year his book, Art and Morality, had appeared in the Social Sciences Library series. The inner title-page identified this as “The Winning Essay for the Gorove Prize of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences,” an entry for a competition on the interrelationship of art and morality. In the foreword to this Jászi admits to having completed the work almost three years previously, but by the time the outcome of the competition had been settled he was engaged in another manuscript (the one about historical materialism), which had led him to alter his take on several major issues of the earlier subject.
I’ll tell you something else: for me to be able to do pure science it is absolutely necessary to be able to find an outlet for the motor tendencies of my personality in another field. ” The first step in his ‘drive’ to prepare the way for a ‘Hungarian Socialist Party’ was a leading article on ‘Socialism and Patriotism’ that Jászi wrote for the January 1905 issue of Huszadik Század. No doubt he dropped his originally planned subtitle—‘Towards a revision of Hungarian socialism’—because after setting out general principles he intended to enlarge upon the Hungarian position, and the nationalities problem and question of the Social Democratic Party in particular, in a subsequent article.
A Twentieth-Century Prophet: Oscar Jaszi 1875-1957 by Gyorgy Litvan