By John W. P. Ost
Advent to laboratory experiments within the box of psychology, simple for creation collage classes
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Additional resources for A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology
This thirst drive, defined in this way, is an independent variable, and in the present experiment we will investigate the effect of this variable on response rate. PROCEDURE The class will be divided into 5 groups. For the first hour all animals will receive reinforcement on FI-1 min. schedule (see schedules of reinforcement, page 35). Use the first half hour to shape your animal to this schedule. For the second half hour, when the animal is responding at a steady rate, count the total number of responses.
In this schedule the time interval is fixed and so it is called an FI schedule, standing for Fixed /nterval schedule. , FI-1 min. A second type of interval schedule is the VI schedule, standing for Variable /nterval, which is analogous to the VR schedule. Here the interval elapsed since the last reinforcement to the next reinforcement is variable rather than fixed; again as for the VR schedule, we designate the variable interval schedule by the average interval. Thus VI-2 min. reads "Variable Interval two minutes," meaning that the average interval is 2 minutes, some intervals being longer and some shorter than this mean value.
Schedule (see schedules of reinforcement, page 35). Use the first half hour to shape your animal to this schedule. For the second half hour, when the animal is responding at a steady rate, count the total number of responses. At the end of this period, all animals are removed from the cages and allowed to drink the following amounts of water: Group 1 2 3 4 5 Amount of water (ml) None 2 4 6 8 When the animals have finished drinking, they are returned to the apparatus and given FI-1 min. reinforcement for another 30 minutes, during which the total number of responses is again recorded.
A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology by John W. P. Ost