By Teresa A Meade
Basically a bit of smaller in measurement than the us, Brazil is the 5th greatest kingdom on this planet. it's domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the robust Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. a quick heritage of Brazil bargains a concise but complete account of the wealthy and sundry background of Brazil, putting the political, fiscal, and cultural occasions of this day into vast historic context. The booklet opens with an outline of pre-colonial Brazil and is going directly to study the historical past of Portuguese exploration, during the early years of the slave alternate among Africa and the Americas, and the construction of the biggest slaveholding society within the smooth global. in this period, a colourful African tradition left its mark, joined by means of affects from eu, Asian, and heart jap immigrants, all of which mixed to create glossy Brazil. After a short-lived First Republic on the flip of the 20th century, Brazil skilled greater than 3 a long time of army dictatorship ahead of it built the colourful democracy that characterizes the rustic this day. a quick background of Brazil additionally examines key historic figures and the hallmarks of Brazilian pop culture: football, Carnival, song, and tv.
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Merely somewhat smaller in measurement than the U.S., Brazil is the 5th greatest kingdom on this planet. it's domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the effective Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. a quick historical past of Brazil deals a concise but finished account of the wealthy and sundry background of Brazil, putting the political, financial, and cultural occasions of this day into large historic context.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Brazil
In the more than three centuries of colonial expansion and rivalry, power passed back and forth across Europe, armies battled on land and sea, tremendous wealth was gained and much of it lost. From the point of view of history, Portugal did not manage its empire as well as England, for example. From the point of view of the indigenous people of America, or of the slaves working in the cane fields of Jamaica or Pernambuco, or the conscripted soldiers thrust into hopeless wars, or many of the indentured servants and backlands settlers, which empire came out on top might not have made much difference.
When the price of sugar fell and the demand for Brazilian sugar diminished, not only the agricultural sector went into a depression, so too did the entire region’s economy. The heavy reliance on the prosperity of one crop, located in one region, and sold to buyers abroad, was a disastrous model for economic development. Not all planters were content to sit by and watch their profitable way of life deteriorate. Peter Eisenberg’s study of the sugar estates in Pernambuco showed that a number of planters attempted to introduce more modern techniques.
The dyewood’s significance is actually all in its name. The Portuguese called it pau-brasil, possibly from the word for glowing coal. As taught to them by the indigenous people, the dye was extracted from the red-orange core of a tree trunk which gave off a reddish-violet dye when submerged in water. Since the Portuguese explorers were introduced to this dye in South America at a time of growing interest in textiles and dyes in Europe, harvesting brazilwood proved to be a lucrative enterprise for a small number of merchants who plied the trade.
A Brief History of Brazil by Teresa A Meade